First Read Part-1
Determining the proper size for a rug is just as important as finding the right colour and design. To start, simply measure your room; then follow our room-by-room measuring guide to find the best fit. Keep in mind that we also offer custom-sizing for hard-to-fit areas.
Family Room: The general rule for sizing a rug is to allow 12 to 18 inches of flooring to frame the rug. For a small room, 12 inches may be more than enough space. One large rug works best in a large room because it does not visually divide the room. However, if the room has several furniture groupings, each can be organized with rugs compatible in size and colour but not necessarily matching.
Dining Room: In a dining room, measure the length and width of the table. The rug needs to be large enough to allow chairs to be pushed back from the table without falling off the rug. This means that any of the chairs can be in a more conversational position before and after the meal without moving off the rug. Allow 30 inches on each side for side and armchairs.
Bedrooms: In bedrooms, one large rug is luxurious, but the bed will cover most of it. Smaller equal-sized rugs used around the bed are another option. The soft comfort of a rug is most appreciated when stepping in and out of bed.
Hallways: In hallways, the length is optional. Try to place a runner indoor outdoor rugs so it does not end in the middle of a doorway. In a very long hall, several small runners can work. They do not have to match but the colours should coordinate.
The type of material used in a rug plays a key role in how it feels and how well it performs. Basically, there are two fiber types: man-made and natural. Natural fibers include: wool, silk, cotton, jute, coir, and sisal. Man-made fibers include: nylon, polypropylene, acrylic and viscose.
Let’s take a closer look at each:
Wool: The most beautiful and luxurious choice of all, 100 percent wool is used in most quality rugs. Wool is a natural fiber that is highly regarded for its strength, durability, crush resistance, clean ability, comfort, and beauty. Wools is considered the superior fiber for indoor outdoor rugs.
Nylon: This man-made fiber provides a less expensive option than all-wool or silk versions. Look for treatments such as stain protection.
Polypropylene: Polypropylene is a thermoplastic resin made from propylene gas. Rugs made of polypropylene are often heat-set to minimize luster and improve softness.
Silk: This is the most expensive rug fiber and even the smallest addition to the content can raise the price. It is also a natural fiber and adds high luster to the end product. Visit our Persian Renaissance collection for fine examples of silk used as accents. These rugs beautifully illustrate the dramatic effect silk adds to the design.
Viscose: Viscose is a shiny, silk-like fiber made from wood pulp. On its own, Viscose is susceptible to matting, but when used as an accent or in a blend, Viscose makes a wonderful substitute for higher-priced silk.
Cotton: Cotton is a strong, supple fiber that is used in the warp and weft (rug foundation) of many rugs. On its own, cotton soils easily and can shrink in washing. However, it makes an exceptional backing material because it helps rugs keep their shape and lie flat.
Jute, Coir, and Sisal: These fibers are derived from plants. Although aesthetically appealing, they have a coarse hand and are susceptible to stains.
Trying to evaluate the huge amount of rug types on the market can feel overwhelming. It is easy to be misled when comparing hand-made to machine-made and woven to tufted rugs. What you need to take into account when buying a quality rug are the identifiable signs of quality:
Craftsmanship: A variety of methods are used to craft rugs, and quality varies within each category. To determine the best, consider the expertise of the weaver along with the fiber type, pile density and height, finishing treatments, and artistic quality.
Materials: For good looks that last, it is best to choose wool. This luxurious fiber is the standard by which all other fibers are measured. Although it is typically more expensive than man-made fibers, it is well worth the price. Visit Material Choices for more information on natural and man-made fibers.
Artistic Quality: The more skilled the artisan, the better the rug – regardless of the weaving method. Whether hand-knotted, flat-woven or machine-made, quality and price are directly related to the time and talent of the weaver.
Pile Density: Density refers to the amount of pile yarn used in the rug and the closeness of the weave. In general, the denser the pile, the better the performance. Take your fingers and try to wiggle them into the pile. The more difficult it is to get to the bottom, the denser the rug. Keep in mind, density alone is not a good measure of performance quality; fiber type and pile height need to be considered as well.
Finishes: External finishes are often applied to enhance a rug’s features. If you are buying a indoor outdoor rugs, especially one that is hand-made, you want to make sure it has been permanently mothproofed. Since wool is naturally soil resistant, it doesn’t require further treatments.